What plants and animals are found in Svalbard?

These are ringed seal, harbour seal, bearded seal, walrus, beluga whale and polar bear. This is a legal step in order to identify species which are not to be managed under more harvesting-focused fisheries legislation. Five marine mammal species are on the Red List for Svalbard.

What animal is native to Norway?

Terrestrial mammals on mainland Norway include the European hedgehog, six species of shrews and ten of bats. The European rabbit, the European hare and the mountain hare all live here as do the Eurasian beaver, the red squirrel and the brown rat as well as about fifteen species of smaller rodent.

Which five animals are native to Norway?

Our guide to some of Norway’s amazing wildlife including the Arctic Fox, Wolf and Polar Bear

  • Arctic Fox. Photo: Asgeir Helgestad/Artic Light AS/visitnorway.com.
  • Musk Ox. Photo: Asgeir Helgestad/ Artic Light AS/ visitnorway.com.
  • Polar Bear.
  • Puffin.
  • Reindeer.
  • White-tailed Sea Eagle.
  • Wolf.

What organisms live in fjords?

Other charismatic species that regularly utilize fjords include killer whales and other whales, Greenland sharks, several species of seals, and several different salmon species. These species are the top predators in fjord food webs, which also include numerous species of forage fishes and other prey.

What are the plants in Svalbard?

Herbs, grasses, sedges, reeds, creeping dwarf shrubs, some ferns (such as horsetails) and mosses and lichens all grow here. Plant life in Svalbard exists under marginal conditions, and it is here we find the most northerly types of Arctic tundra.

Do trees grow on Svalbard?

Since trees and shrubs are completely absent on Svalbard, vegetation on the ground is more visible. On the dense moss tundra in the major valleys, you can find many species. The greenest vegetation can be found near bird colonies where one finds an abundance of beautiful flowers.

What plants grow in Norway?

Gardens open to visit in Norway are mostly Botanical Gardens which are interesting for their displays of local species, with trees such as birch, Norway spruce (Picea abies), pine, rowan, aspen, oak, hazel and cherry; perennial saxifrages, Aconitum, Anemone, Hepatica, Dryas, Trollius and many species of ferns, mosses …

What is Norway’s national flower?

Pyramidal saxifrage This flower was chosen as Norway’s national flower at an international botanical congress in Amsterdam in 1935. However, heather is currently considered the national flower as it is widespread throughout the whole country.

What plants are native to Norway?

How many plant species are only found in Norway?

In total, more than 2100 species of flower plants have been recorded for Norway, along with around 42 species of coniferous trees, 75 fern like plants and 1100 species of bryophytes (liverworths, hornworths and mosses).

Do trees grow in Svalbard?

Why are there no trees in Svalbard?

Plants, flowers and vegetation of Svalbard There are no trees on Svalbard. A layer of frozen soil, called permafrost, does not allow the growth of trees and grass. The only plant life that you can see here are moss, lichen and flowers. The lack of vegetation is typical of this area and is known as of Arctic Tundra.