What is the metric value in IP route?

A metric is a value that’s assigned to an IP route for a particular network interface. It identifies the cost that’s associated with using that route. For example, the metric can be valued in terms of link speed, hop count, or time delay.

What is metric in route add command?

METRIC specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination. All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name database file HOSTS. If the command is PRINT or DELETE.

What are the routing metrics to find best route?

For some routing protocols these metrics are static and may not be changed. For other routing protocols these values may be assigned by a network administrator. The most common metric values are hop, bandwidth, delay, reliability, load, and cost.

How do you calculate metric value?

The formula we use for the metric calculation looks like this:

  1. Metric = [K1*bandwidth + ((K2*bandwidth)/(256-load))+K3*delay]
  2. Metric = Metric*[K5/(reliability+K4)]
  3. Metric = bandwidth (slowest link) + delay (sum of delays)
  4. Metric = (107 / minimum bandwidth) * 256 + (sum of delays) * 256.

What is metric CCNA?

Metric is the measure used to decide which route is better (lower number is better). Each routing protocol uses its own metric. For example, RIP uses hop counts as a metric, while OSPF uses cost.

What is the difference between metric and administrative distance?

In other words, the administrative distance is used to compare routes originating from different routing protocols (including static and connected), whereas the metric is used to compare routes within one single source of origin or family.

What is a default metric?

Defines the default metric for the specified routing protocol. Description: The metrics of one routing protocol do no always translate to the metrics of another protocol. The default-metric command provides a substitute when metrics do not convert, allowing redistribution between routing protocols.

What is metric in default gateway?

The purpose of the automatic metric feature is to determine the speed of the interface for each default gateway and to assign the metric, which is the cost of using a particular route. The metric is weighted by the number of hops to the destination. The number of hops to any host on the local subnet is one.

What parameter do the routing protocol use in their metric calculation by default?

Metric calculation is a critical component for any routing protocol. EIGRP uses multiple factors to calculate the metric for a path. Metric calculation uses bandwidth and delay by default but can include interface load and reliability, too.

What is a metric in routing protocol?

A routing protocol uses a metric to determine which route to include in the routing table when it has two available routes to the same destination. The router will include the route with the smallest metric because it considers this route to be the shortest—and therefore best.

What is ip route command in Cisco?

The “show ip route” command is one of the most important commands related to routing on Cisco IOS devices in order to show the routing table of the router. It gives you detailed information about the networks that are known to the router, either directly connected to the router, statically configured using static routing or automatically

Which command is used to configure the static route?

IP route command is used to configure the static route. Static routes are the most secure way of routing. They will also increase overall network performance. These features are extremely helpful in small network.

Why does the router include the route with the smallest metric?

The router will include the route with the smallest metric because it considers this route to be the shortest—and therefore best. As opposed to administrative distance, metrics involve a single routing protocol.