What instruments are used for a Pap smear?

In a Pap test, your doctor uses a vaginal speculum to hold your vaginal walls apart and to see the cervix. Next, a sample of cells from your cervix is collected using a small cone-shaped brush and a tiny plastic spatula (1 and 2).

What are the 3 types of specimens for Pap smear?

Acceptable specimens for the Pap Test include cervical, cervical and vaginal, endocervical, vaginal and/or vulvar scrapings or brushings.

How many types of Pap smear are there?

Transformation zone types, determining the Pap test location: Type 1: Completely ectocervical. Type 2: Endocervical component but fully visible. Type 3: Endocervical component, not fully visible.

What structure is swabbed in a Pap smear?

Your healthcare provider will insert an instrument called a speculum into your vagina. This will spread the walls of the vagina apart to show the cervix. Your healthcare provider will use a small brush, swab or spatula to gently remove cells from the cervix and back of the vagina.

What are the different sizes of speculum?

This vaginal speculum is commonly available in multiple sizes: small, medium and large. The bills of the Graves speculum, which resemble a duck’s mouth, are wider than the bills of the Pederson speculum, and the sides are also curved.

What is a speculum tool?

A speculum is a duck-bill-shaped device that doctors use to see inside a hollow part of your body and diagnose or treat disease. One common use of the speculum is for vaginal exams. Gynecologists use it to open the walls of the vagina and examine the vagina and cervix.

Which fixative is used in Pap stain?

Various fixatives are used in exfoliative cytology. Out of which, 95% ethanol is the commonly used fixative. Hence, the conventional method for fixation of Pap smear is to fix the Pap smear immediately in 95% ethyl alcohol after preparing the smear.

What is a male Pap smear called?

An anal Pap smear is a screening test for anal cancer in men and women. 1 Also called anal cytology, it’s performed by taking a sample of cells from the anus that are then examined under a microscope in a lab. It’s not a diagnostic test, but rather looks for precancerous or cancerous cells.

Why are speculums different sizes?

Vaginal speculums come in different sizes. Which one of the following speculum types your doctor chooses depends on your age and the length and width of your vagina. Gynecologists use this shorter version of the speculum to examine the vagina in infants and children.

What size is a large speculum?

4-inch by 1-inch
LARGE SIZE SPECULUM: The gynecological instrument measures 4-inch by 1-inch used by doctors to open the walls of the vagina and examine the vagina and cervix.

How do I choose the right speculum size?

Factors that can determine the correct speculum size for a patient include age, sexual activity, and physique. A leading factor contributing to the size of the speculum used during a patient’s exam is her age. Typically, the younger the patient is, the smaller the size of the speculum must be.