What are the major clinical symptoms of thalassemia?

Thalassemia signs and symptoms can include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness.
  • Pale or yellowish skin.
  • Facial bone deformities.
  • Slow growth.
  • Abdominal swelling.
  • Dark urine.

Does thalassemia minor have symptoms?

People with thalassemia minor don’t usually have any symptoms. If they do, it’s likely to be minor anemia. The condition is classified as either alpha or beta thalassemia minor. Even if thalassemia minor doesn’t cause any noticeable symptoms, you can still be a carrier for the disease.

How does thalassemia make you feel?

Less severe cases may not be noticeable until later in childhood or even until adulthood. The main health problems associated with thalassaemia are: anaemia – severe tiredness, weakness, shortness of breath, pounding, fluttering or irregular heartbeats (palpitations) and pale skin caused by the lack of haemoglobin.

What are the three types of thalassemia?

When you have beta thalassemia, your body doesn’t make enough protein in red blood cells called hemoglobin. That makes it hard for oxygen to get to all of your body’s cells. There are three main types of the disease: beta thalassemia major, intermedia, and minor.

How thalassemia is diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests. The disorders are treated with blood transfusions, medicines, and other procedures. Treatments for thalassemias have improved over the years. People who have moderate or severe thalassemias are now living longer and have better quality of life.

At what age is thalassemia detected?

Diagnosis. Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old. People with no symptoms may not realize they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia. Blood tests can detect if a person is a carrier of thalassemia or has the condition.

Can you get thalassemia later in life?

When the disorder develops later during life, a diagnosis of beta thalassemia intermedia is given; individuals may only require blood transfusions on rare, specific instances. Beta thalassemia major, also known as Cooley’s anemia, is the most severe form of beta thalassemia.

Can thalassemia make you dizzy?

Since your body has fewer red blood cells when you have thalassemia, you may have symptoms of a low blood count, or anemia. When you have anemia, you might feel tired or weak. You might also experience: Dizziness.

Can you have thalassemia and not know it?

Having a thalassemia trait means that you may not have any symptoms, but you might pass that trait on to your children and increase their risk for having thalassemia. Sometimes, thalassemias have other names, like Constant Spring, Cooley’s Anemia, or hemoglobin Bart hydrops fetalis.