What are the contraindications of forceps delivery?


  • Cervix not fully dilated.
  • Membranes intact.
  • Fetal head not engaged.
  • Unknown fetal position.
  • Cephalopelvic disproportion.

What is a low forceps delivery?

Low forceps: The leading point of the fetal skull is at a station greater than or equal to +2 cm and is not on the pelvic floor. Low forceps deliveries without rotation are performed with a rotation of less than 45º; the procedure is described as beginning with rotation if the rotation is of more than 45º.

Does forceps delivery affect baby?

marks from forceps on your baby’s face – these usually disappear within 48 hours. small cuts on your baby’s face or scalp – these affect 1 in 10 babies born using assisted delivery and heal quickly. yellowing of your baby’s skin and eyes – this is known as jaundice, and should pass in a few days.

What is the most common complication during childbirth?

By far, the most common complication during childbirth is labor that does not progress. Sometimes, labor starts fine but over time the contractions slow down, the cervix doesn’t dilate enough, and the baby’s descent in the birth canal is hindered.

Can forceps cause brain damage?

Cerebral palsy is one example of the type of permanent disability that can result from a forceps delivery. Improper pressure on the baby’s brain causes brain damage which is the underlying cause of cerebral palsy. The extent of the damage can lead to mild, moderate, or severe cerebral palsy.

How long does it take to recover from a forceps delivery?

The time taken to recover is usually 6-8 weeks, but some women may take longer to recover. Most patients can resume light daily activities in a few days. Patients experience vaginal bleeding for a few days to weeks after delivery for which they would have to wear a sanitary napkin.

Can forceps delivery cause damage to the mother?

There are certain risks to both the mother and baby when forceps are used. While severe injuries are rare, they can cause life-changing damages that will need extensive and ongoing medical care. Mothers can have an increased risk of injuries, including: Lower genital tract tears.

Can a forceps delivery cause autism?

That said, the current study did find that a number of birth factors showed no relationship to autism. Those included use of anesthesia, forceps or vacuum during childbirth, high birth weight and newborn head circumference.

What causes death during childbirth?

Causes of death vary widely, with death from hemorrhage most likely during pregnancy and at the time of birth and deaths from heart conditions and mental health–related conditions (including substance use and suicide) most common in the postpartum period.

Which circumstance creates the highest risk for delivery complications?

Women who experience vaginal bleeding between the 12th and 24th weeks of pregnancy have a greater risk of experiencing preterm labor and delivery. The severity of the risk depends on the cause of the bleeding. Placenta previa and placental abruption are two main causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.

What are complications of forceps?

Forceps delivery complications put babies at an increased risk of:

  • Bleeding in the skull.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Jaundice.
  • Seizures.
  • Skull fractures.
  • Small bumps or bruises on the baby’s head.
  • Small cuts or lacerations on the baby’s face.
  • Temporary facial muscle weakness (facial palsy)