What winds are located between the doldrums and the horse latitudes?

Blowing from the subtropical highs or horse latitudes toward the low pressure of the ITCZ are the trade winds. Named from their ability to quickly propel trading ships across the ocean, the trade winds between about 30° latitude and the equator are steady and blow about 11 to 13 miles per hour.

What winds are in the horse latitudes?

The horse latitudes are located at about 30 degrees north and south of the equator. It is common in this region of the subtropics for winds to diverge and either flow toward the poles (known as the prevailing westerlies) or toward the equator (known as the trade winds).

What type of wind conditions and pressure system is the horse latitudes?

The horse latitudes are the latitudes about 30 degrees north and south of the Equator. They are characterized by sunny skies, calm winds, and very little precipitation. They are also known as subtropical ridges, or highs. It is a high-pressure area at the divergence of trade winds and the westerlies.

What are the winds like in the doldrums?

There’s no wind here. The Doldrums is a low pressure area from 5°N to 5°S of the Equator. Winds are famously calm here, with prevailing breeze disappearing altogether at times, making it extremely difficult to navigate through.

What are westerlies and easterlies?

When air moves in a definite direction, it is called wind. If the winds move from west to east, they are called westerlies. If they move from east to west, they are called easterlies. There are winds because there are differences in pressures. The direction of wind is also affected by coriolis affect.

Where is the trade winds located?

The trade winds can be found about 30 degrees north and south of the equator. Right at the equator there is almost no wind at all—an area sometimes called the doldrums.

Which pressure belt is also known as the doldrums ‘?

Equatorial trough of low pressure
Equatorial trough of low pressure is the zone of convergence of trade winds blowing equatorward from the sub-tropical belts of high pressure in the northern and southern hemisphere. Within this belt the winds are light and variable with frequent calms. That is why this belt is also known as doldrums.

Why are the winds along the equator called the doldrums?

Definition of the Doldrums In both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, the sailors noticed that there was an area near the Equator where there was little or no wind. Without the wind to move their sail-powered boats, they would sometimes be stuck for days or weeks. They started calling these areas the doldrums.

Are doldrums low pressure?

The Doldrums is a broad belt of low pressure and weak pressure gradients, towards which the trade wind air streams of the Northern and Southern hemispheres flow. The expected weather is usually variable, light or calm winds, alternating with squalls and thundery showers.

Which winds are located on either side of the equatorial doldrums?

Causes of the Doldrums This phenomenon creates two bands of wind north and south of the equator that we call the trade winds. The doldrums form at the boundary of the northeast and southeast trade winds. As the two systems of trade winds collide, air is forced up instead of out.

What are doldrums Why is it so called?

The “doldrums” is a popular nautical term that refers to the belt around the Earth near the equator where sailing ships sometimes get stuck on windless waters. This NASA satellite image shows the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, known to sailors around the world as the doldrums.

What is the Coriolis Effect doldrums horse latitude?

Along the equator the rising air creates a low pressure region called the doldrums, or the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)(convergence zone because this is where the trade winds converge). At 30o latitude there are high pressure zones of descending air known as the horse latitudes, or the subtropical highs.