What was the purpose of the salt and iron debate?

A first century B.C. Chinese classic Yantielun or Discourses on Salt and Iron recorded a heated debate over the costs and benefits and economic foundation of imperial expansion shortly after the death of Emperor Wudi who had greatly expanded the Chinese empire.

What was the purpose of the monopolies on salt and iron quizlet?

Han emperors made them state monopolies because they brought in money. Profits from selling iron and salt helped support Wudi’s military adventures.

What were the salt and iron monopolies?

Faced with the need to finance his far-flung military campaigns, Wu-ti decided to establish state-run monopolies in salt, iron, and other key commodities, supposedly to prevent private merchants from charging “excessive” prices but in reality to capture more revenue for the state.

When did the debate on salt and iron occur?

81 BCE
The Discourses on Salt and Iron (Chinese: 鹽鐵論; pinyin: Yán Tiě Lùn) was a debate held at the imperial court in 81 BCE on state policy during the Han dynasty in China.

Who wrote a record of the debate on salt and iron?

Yan Tie Lun (Discourses on Salt and Iron), written by Huan Kuan in the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), was an important work on ancient China’s economic policies, such as state control on salt and iron businesses. The book was actually a record of a state conference on administrative and economic problems held in 81BC.

What is Legalism and Confucianism?

Confucianism relies on the fundamental goodness of human beings, whereas Legalism presupposes that people are fundamentally evil. Therefore, Confucianism casts everything in terms of corresponding responsibilities, whereas Legalism casts everything in terms of strict laws and harsh punishment.

During which Chinese dynasty was iron first used for tools and weapons?

As far back as the Shang Dynasty the (1600-1100BC), Chinese people began to learn to use iron. At that time, meteoritic iron were used for the blades of luxury weapons, cast into bronze handles which were sometimes inlaid with silver or precious stones.

What does monopoly mean in business?

Monopolies FAQs A monopoly is when one company and its product dominate an entire industry whereby there is little to no competition and consumers must purchase that specific good or service from the one company. An oligopoly is when a small number of firms, as opposed to just one, dominate an entire industry.

What kind of religion is Confucianism?

Confucianism is an ancient Chinese belief system, which focuses on the importance of personal ethics and morality. Whether it is only or a philosophy or also a religion is debated.

What is ancient Chinese calligraphy?

Chinese calligraphy, the stylized artistic writing of Chinese characters, the written form of Chinese that unites the languages (many mutually unintelligible) spoken in China. Because calligraphy is considered supreme among the visual arts in China, it sets the standard by which Chinese painting is judged.

What is Confucianism and Daoism?

Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. They share common beliefs about man, society, and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones.

What is Legalism based on?

Legalism is based on the viewpoint that in order for a ruler to maintain order in society, people must obey a set of strict laws and those in authority (the rulers and government officials). Legalist philosophers thus created a system of punishment and reward for certain behaviors.