What is the difference between Tertian and quartan malaria?

Each of the four types of malarial parasite cause a characterisitic periodicity of fever. This has led to the description of malaria as being either tertian, where fever occurs every third day i.e. day 1,3,5 etc. or quartan where fever occurs every fourth day ie on day 1,4,7 etc.

Why is there Tertian and quartan malaria?

Tertian and quartan fevers are due to the cyclic lysis of red blood cells that occurs as trophozoites complete their cycle in erythrocytes every 2 or 3 days, respectively. P malariae causes quartan fever; P vivax and P ovale cause the benign form of tertian fever, and P falciparum causes the malignant form.

Which parasite causes quartan malaria?

The quartan malaria parasite Plasmodium malariae is the widest spread and best adapted human malaria parasite. The simian Plasmodium brasilianum causes quartan fever in New World monkeys and resembles P. malariae morphologically.

What causes quartan fever?

Quartan fever is one of the four types of malaria which can be contracted by humans. It is specifically caused by the Plasmodium malariae species, one of the six species of the protozoan genus Plasmodium.

What is benign quartan malaria?

Infection with Plasmodium malariae, follows a relatively benign course. The fever caused by P. malariae classically recurs every fourth day (i.e. days 1,4,7 etc) and the clinical picture is sometimes called quartan malaria.

What causes Quartan fever?

What’s quartan fever?

noun. Medical Definition of quartan (Entry 2 of 2) : an intermittent fever that recurs at approximately 72-hour intervals especially : malariae malaria.

Who is the causative organism of quartan malaria fever?

The causative agent of quartan malaria is Plasmodium malariae. It is much milder than the two critically dangerous malaria-causing species of P. falciparum and P. vivax.