What is periventricular calcifications?

Calcifications are usually seen in the periventricular area, brain parenchyma or basal ganglia. Periventricular calcifications are usually described as thick and chunky in appearance whereas calcifications in the basal ganglia are usually faint and punctate (14) (Fig. 4a).

Is calcification in the brain normal?

Dr. Roach: Calcifications are deposits of calcium buildup, and can occur in virtually any tissue of the body. In some areas they are so common as to be considered normal. For example, the pineal gland normally calcifies as we age.

What causes intracranial calcification in newborn?

Infections are common causes of intracranial calcification, especially neonatal TORCH (toxoplasmosis, other [syphilis, varicella-zoster, parvovirus B19], rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes) infections.

Can brain calcifications go away?

Brain calcifications induce neurological dysfunction that can be reversed by a bone drug.

What is the treatment for brain calcification?

Levodopa therapy was found to be effective in treating parkinsonian features in one individual who had PFBC and Parkinson disease. The anticonvulsant oxcarbazepine was effective in treating a Turkish patient with basal ganglia calcification and dyskinesia.

What are the causes of calcification?

Causes of calcification

  • infections.
  • calcium metabolism disorders that cause hypercalcemia (too much calcium in the blood)
  • genetic or autoimmune disorders affecting the skeletal system and connective tissues.
  • persistent inflammation.

How common is brain calcification?

Recent research has indicated that primary familial brain calcification may occur in 2 to 6 per 1,000 people, with many affected individuals not showing signs and symptoms of the condition.

What is Fahr disease?

Fahr’s Syndrome is a rare, genetically dominant, inherited neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in areas of the brain that control movement, including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex.

What is Torch syndrome?

TORCH Syndrome refers to infection of a developing fetus or newborn by any of a group of infectious agents. “TORCH” is an acronym meaning (T)oxoplasmosis, (O)ther Agents, (R)ubella (also known as German Measles), (C)ytomegalovirus, and (H)erpes Simplex.

How is brain calcification treated?

How is calcification treated?

Treatment. People with painless joint or tendon calcification typically do not need treatment. No treatments can remove calcium deposits from the cartilage of the joints, so doctors tend to rely on glucocorticoid injections, oral colchicine, and NSAIDs to relieve any pain and underlying inflammation.