What is known as communal riots?

Communal riots are nothing but clashes between two or more communities owing to clashes of communal interests.

Why do communal riots happen in India?

Modern India. Large-scale religious violence and riots have periodically occurred in India since its independence from British colonial rule. The aftermath of the Partition of India in 1947 to create a separate Islamic state of Pakistan for Muslims, saw large scale sectarian strife and bloodshed throughout the nation.

When did communal riots start in India?

India witnessed its worst communal riots in 1948 after the partition. Noakhali in Bengal and several villages of Bihar were the worst hit. One of the first major communal riots took place in August 1893 in Mumbai in which about a hundred people were killed and 800 injured.

What is communal violence in India?

Communal violence is a form of violence that is perpetrated across ethnic or communal lines, the violent parties feel solidarity for their respective groups, and victims are chosen based upon group membership.

Who started riots in 1947?

The killings were carried out by extremist Hindus and Sikhs, aided and abetted by the forces of Maharaja Hari Singh. The activists of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) played a key role in planning and executing the riots. An estimated 20,000–100,000 Muslims were massacred.

How many communal riots happened in India?

Citing reports of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Rai said 857 communal or religious riot cases were registered in 2020, 438 in 2019, 512 in 2018, 723 in 2017 and 869 in 2016.

How many riots are there in India?

From 1945 to 2000

Name Year Locations
1984 anti-Sikh riots 31 October 1984 − 3 November 1984 Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar
1985 Gujarat riots Ahmedabad
1986 Jammu and Kashmir Riots (Including 1986 Anantnag Riots) February–March 1986 Jammu and Kashmir
1987 Meerut communal riots April–May 1987 Meerut

Which city has more communal violence?

… and Kolkata have been the places of signifi cance communal violence in the Gangetic plain, while Surat, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, and Hyderabad have caught up with the cities in the Gangetic plains mainly due to the rise of communal violence in the post-independence period.