## What is Brownian motion explain with diagram?

The zigzag movement of the small particles suspended in a liquid or gas is called brownian motion. The best evidence for the existence and movement of particles in liquid was given by ROBERT BROWN. On looking through the microscope, it was found that the pollen grains were moving rapidly in water.

## Why is the Brownian motion important?

Scientists have subsequently discovered that many fundamental processes in living cells are driven by Brownian motion. And because Brownian particles move randomly throughout their surroundings, they have great potential for use as probes at the nanoscale.

What conclusion can we draw from Brownian motion?

Explanation: Brownian motion gives conclusion (about state of matter) that the matter is made up of tiny particles and those particles are constantly moving.

What is the difference between diffusion and Brownian motion?

Brownian motion is the erratic, random movement of microscopic particles in a fluid, as a result of continuous bombardment from molecules of the surrounding medium. Whereas, diffusion is the movement of a substance from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

### What affects Brownian motion?

any factor that affects the partcle’s movement in a fluid impacts the rate of Brownian motion, such as: increased temperature, increased number of particles, small particles size, low viscosity and turbulent flow. 1st Jul, 2019.

### What are the factors affecting Brownian motion?

Any factor that affects the movement of particles in a fluid impacts the rate of Brownian motion. For example, increased temperature, increased number of particles, small particle size, and low viscosity increase the rate of motion.

How does Brownian motion provide evidence for particle theory?

Brownian motion It shows the smoke particles moving randomly. This is evidence of free moving air molecules. According to the kinetic theory, a gas such as air is made up of an extremely large number of tiny, invisible molecules that have relatively large spaces between them and are constantly moving randomly.

What is an example of Brownian motion?

Brownian Motion Examples Examples include: The motion of pollen grains on still water. Movement of dust motes in a room (although largely affected by air currents) Diffusion of pollutants in the air.

## What is the relationship between Brownian movement and osmosis diffusion?

The movement of particles due to this energy is called Brownian motion. As these atoms/molecules bounce off each other, the result is the movement of these particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. This is diffusion.

## Does temperature affect Brownian movement?

Answer. More specifically, absolute temperature is proportional to the kinetic energy of the Brownian motion per unit mass. Back to your question as you posed it: The answer is that, if you raise the temperature, Brownian motion becomes more energetic, but such a statement actually reverses cause and effect.

How can you increase Brownian movement?