What is anaphora in pragmatics with examples?

The anaphoric (referring) term is called an anaphor. For example, in the sentence Sally arrived, but nobody saw her, the pronoun her is an anaphor, referring back to the antecedent Sally.

What is anaphora PDF?

Anaphora can be defined as a linguistic relation between two textual entities which is determined when a textual entity (the anaphor) refers to another entity of the text which usually occurs before it (the antecedent). The process of determining the antecedent of an anaphor is referred to as anaphora resolution.

What is anaphora and cataphora examples?

Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep.

How many types of anaphora are there?

Anaphors are here divided into 12 categories, which are: central pronouns; reciprocal pro- nouns; demonstrative pronouns; relative pronouns; adverbs; noun phrases with a definite article; proper names; indefinite pronouns; other forms of coreference and substitution; verb phrases with do and combinations with so, this.

What are 5 examples of anaphora?

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.”

What is anaphoric reference?

Anaphoric reference means that a word in a text refers back to other ideas in the text for its meaning. It can be compared with cataphoric reference, which means a word refers to ideas later in the text.

What are examples of anaphora?

Here’s a quick and simple definition: Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. For example, Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech contains anaphora: “So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

What is zero anaphora in pragmatics?

Zero anaphora is the use of a gap, in a phrase or clause, that has an anaphoric function similar to a pro-form. It is often described as “referring back” to an expression that supplies the information necessary for interpreting the gap.

What is an example of anaphora?

What is an example of an anaphora poem?

Joe Brainard used anaphora to recalling his Oklahoma youth in his book-length poem “I Remember” by starting each phrase with “I remember.” For example: I remember a piece of old wood with termites running around all over it the termite men found under our front porch.

How do you write an anaphora?

How to Write an Anaphora. In order to use anaphora: Think of what you want to emphasize. Repeat that phrase at the beginning of each sentence.