What does Glaucon say about justice?

According to Glaucon, justice is naturally bad and injustice is naturally good. No one willingly is just; therefore if you gave people the power to be unjust without suffering any penalty then they would all do it.

What does Glaucon say about justice in Book 2?

No one is just because justice is desirable in itself. Glaucon ends his speech with an attempt to demonstrate that not only do people prefer to be unjust rather than just, but that it is rational for them to do so. The perfectly unjust life, he argues, is more pleasant than the perfectly just life.

Does Socrates agree with Glaucon about justice?

In Book II, Glaucon challenges Socrates to show him that justice is a good in itself, that it allows one to be happy in private, and is more beneficial than doing injustice whether one has the reputation for justice or not, even among the gods.

How does Glaucon claim that justice or morality arose?

Glaucon believes human beings practice justice in order to avoid the harm that would come to them if they disobeyed the laws of the society. Thus, it is in our self-interest to obey the law because we fear the consequences if we were to get caught disobeying the law.

What story does Glaucon say he has heard about the origin of justice?

What is the story about the origin of justice that Glaucon says he has heard? Justice was invented by the weak for the weak. All people want to be unjust, so justice is a lie made up. Justice is not something practiced for its own sake but something one engages in out of fear and weakness.

Which category does Glaucon place justice and why?

Socrates says justice belongs in the second category—the best one, it seems. Glaucon says he bets most people would put justice in the third category, since it’s something they only do because 1) they think they have to and 2) they want to have a good reputation.

What did Plato say about justice?

Justice is an order and duty of the parts of the soul, it is to the soul as health is to the body. Plato says that justice is not mere strength, but it is a harmonious strength. Justice is not the right of the stronger but the effective harmony of the whole.

What did Thrasymachus say about justice?

110-120. Thrasymachus makes three statements regarding justice: 1) justice is “nothing other than the advantage of the stronger” (338c); 2) justice is obeying the laws of the ruler(s) (339b); 3) justice is “really someone else’s good, the advantage of the man who is stronger and rules” (343c).

How is Glaucon’s ideas on justice based on the theory of psychological egoism?

Glaucon’s egoism is the idea that justice and your self interest are two seperate things, and that we should always do what’s in our self interest, not necessarily what is just. Ethical egoism is the idea that justice and self interest are the same, and that whats in our self interest is always just.

What is the main argument of the story of the Ring of Gyges?

Plato argues that the Ring of Gyges- invisibility and anonymity- is the only barrier between a just and an unjust person. He argues that we would all be unjust if we had a cloak of anonymity. Injustice is far more profitable. We are only just because it is necessary.

How does Glaucon defend injustice explain the example of the person that finds a ring that makes them invisible?

The ring granted one the power to become invisible at will. Glaucon asserts that no person would act morally if there was no fear of being caught or punished. This tale proves that people are only just because they are afraid of punishment for injustice.