What are the three hazard mitigation plans?

The Hazard Mitigation staff oversees the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA), and Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program. Federal funding is provided for cost effective and sustainable projects through these three programs.

What are hazard mitigation plans?

Hazard mitigation planning reduces loss of life and property by minimizing the impact of disasters. It begins with state, tribal and local governments identifying natural disaster risks and vulnerabilities that are common in their area.

What must be considered in a mitigation plan?

How to Create The Perfect Mitigation Plan? Follow these Steps!

  • Identify Risks. Before you create effective plans to limit the impact of risks, you need to identify and evaluate them.
  • Assess the Risk.
  • Prioritize Risks.
  • Handle Risks.
  • Create Your Plan.
  • Develop a Contingency Plan.
  • Monitor.

What are the four types of hazard mitigation actions?

The suggested mitigation actions are summarized into four types: (1) Local Planning and Regulations, (2) Structure and Infrastructure Projects, (3) Natural Systems Protection, and (4) Education and Awareness Programs.

What are the four basic phases in a mitigation planning process?

Hazard identification; Profiling of hazard events; Inventory of assets; and. Estimation of potential human and economic losses based on the exposure and vulnerability of people, buildings, and infrastructure.

What are the examples of mitigation?

Other examples of mitigation measures include:

  • Hazard mapping.
  • Adoption and enforcement of land use and zoning practices.
  • Implementing and enforcing building codes.
  • Flood plain mapping.
  • Reinforced tornado safe rooms.
  • Burying of electrical cables to prevent ice build-up.
  • Raising of homes in flood-prone areas.

What are the benefits of hazard mitigation?

Hazard mitigation plans are prepared and adopted by communities with the primary purpose of identifying, assessing, and reducing the long-term risk to life and property from hazard events. Effective mitigation planning can break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage.

What are the steps in mitigation?

Hazard Mitigation Planning Process

  1. Organize the Planning Process and Resources. At the start, a state, local, tribe, or territory government should focus on assembling the resources needed for a successful mitigation planning process.
  2. Assess Risks.
  3. Develop a Mitigation Strategy.
  4. Adopt and Implement the Plan.

What are some examples of long-term hazard mitigation efforts?

Common Mitigation Actions Public safety measures such as continual maintenance of roadways, culverts and dams. Acquisition of relocation of structures, such as purchasing buildings located in a floodplain. Acquisition of undeveloped hazard prone lands to ensure no future construction occurs there.

What are the steps involved in the hazard mitigation planning process?

Hazard mitigation plans can address a range of natural and human-caused hazards. They typically include four key elements: 1) a risk assessment, 2) capability assessment, 3) mitigation strategy, and 4) plan maintenance procedures.

What are the five main mitigation strategies?

Five risk mitigation strategies with examples

  • Assume and accept risk.
  • Avoidance of risk.
  • Controlling risk.
  • Transference of risk.
  • Watch and monitor risk.