What are the symptoms of hypotonia?

Symptoms of hypotonia include:

  • Your baby is unable to lift their head or control neck muscles.
  • Your baby feels limp when held.
  • Your baby cannot place weight on their legs.
  • Your baby’s arms and legs hang straight at their sides without a bend at their elbow or knee.
  • Your baby has difficulty swallowing or sucking.

What is oral hypotonia?

Definition. Reduced muscle tone of oral musculature. In infants, this feature may be associated with difficulties in breast feeding, and may affect the latch, jaw motions, tongue placement, lip seal, suck/swallow/breathe pattern and overall feeding behavior. [

Can hypotonia cause speech delay?

Hypotonia affects both fine and gross motor skills. Low muscle tone may cause speech difficulties.

How is hypotonia diagnosed?

CT or MRI scan of the brain. Blood tests. Electromyography (EMG) to measure how well the nerves and muscles work. Electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure electrical activity in the brain.

What causes low muscle tone in mouth?

What causes an oral motor disorder? One cause is the brain sending a message to the muscles of the mouth that the muscles don’t receive or misinterpret. This causes the muscles either to not move at all, or to move incorrectly. Another cause is low muscle tone of the lips, tongue or jaw.

How can I improve my baby’s oral muscle tone?


  1. Sensory massages in and outside the oral cavity.
  2. Horn blowing.
  3. Bubble Blowing.
  4. Jaw activities like the Bite Tube Set, Jaw Grading Bite Blocks.
  5. Feeding activities like Spoon feeding, Slow Feed and Straw Drinking.

What is life expectancy with hypotonia?

In the classic infantile form, onset of symptoms is at the median age of 1.6 months with the majority of patients dying at the median age of 6 to 7.7 months. Generally, 5 to 8 percent survive beyond one year and even fewer past 18 months [6].

Do babies with hypotonia walk?

Will my child ever walk? Although some severe cases of hypotonia confine people to wheelchairs for their entire life, the majority of kids learn to walk. It will simply be on their own schedule. It’s difficult to watch younger kids pass milestones your child hasn’t conquered.

Is hypotonia a form of cerebral palsy?

Hypotonic Cerebral Palsy FAQs Hypotonic is a type of cerebral palsy caused by damage to the cerebellum of the brain during childbirth. This brain damage can result in floppy muscles, excessive flexibility, issues with stability, and developmental delays.