What are the models of industrial relation?

The three popular approaches to industrial relations are the unitary approach, pluralistic approach and marxist approach.

What is Dunlop model?

Dunlop’s model identifies three key factors to be considered in conducting an analysis of the management-labor relationship: Environmental or external economic, technological, political, legal and social forces that impact employment relationships.

What is social action theory according to Max Weber?

In sociology, social action, also known as Weberian social action, is an act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individuals (or ‘agents’). According to Max Weber, “Action is “social” insofar as its subjective meaning takes account of the behavior of others and is thereby oriented in its course.”

What are the three theories of industrial relations?

The three most prevalent theories of industrial relations which exist are The Unitarist theory, The Pluralist theory and The Marxist theory.

What is Marxist theory in industrial relations?

This view of industrial relations is a by product of a theory of capitalist society and social change. Marxists argue that industrial relation is a relation of clashes of class interest between capital and labour. Employer (capital) tries to maximize profit by holding surplus value and underpaying workers remuneration.

What are the main objectives of industrial relations?

The primary objective of industrial relations is to maintain and develop good and healthy relations between employees and employers or operatives and management.

What is the Alton Craig model?

In essence, Craig’s model proposes that external inputs from the environment (e.g., legal, economic, political, etc.) impact the actors of the IR system (e.g., labour, management, government) and that through a series of conversion mechanisms (e.g., collective bargaining, third-party interventions, etc.)

What is Dunlop approach of industrial relations?

In the words of Dunlop (1958) an industrial relations at any one time in its development is regarded as comprising of certain actors, contexts, an ideology which binds the industrial relations system together, and a body of rules created to govern the actors at the workplace and work community.

What are the four models of social action?

“Max weber” stated that, there are four ideal types of social actions. Which are as follow, goal rational social action, value rational social action, affective social action and traditional social action.

What are the 4 types of social action?

Four types of social action according to Weber

  • Traditional social action (custom) These are actions which are the result of traditions and customs and which are performed in certain situations.
  • Affective social action.
  • Rational social action with values.
  • Rational-instrumental social action.

What is action theory in industrial relations?

Action theory represents a general model of work-related cognition and behavior with implications for a wide range of topics in industrial/organizational psychology.

What are the five approaches to the study of industrial relations theory?

Based on these orientations, several approaches have been developed to explain the dynamics of IR. These approaches are unitary approach, systems approach, pluralistic approach, Marxist approach, and strategic management approach. Understanding of these approaches is helpful in devising effective IR strategy.