What are body defenses that fight pathogens?

In general, your body fights disease by keeping things out of your body that are foreign. Your primary defense against pathogenic germs are physical barriers like your skin. You also produce pathogen-destroying chemicals, like lysozyme, found on parts of your body without skin, including your tears and mucus membranes.

What are the three types of defenses against pathogens?

The Immune System has 3 Lines of Defense Against Foreign Pathogens:

  • Physical and Chemical Barriers (Innate Immunity)
  • Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)
  • Specific Resistance (Acquired Immunity)

What are the two types of body defenses?

The system can be divided into two types of defense systems: the innate immune system, which is nonspecific toward a particular kind of pathogen, and the adaptive immune system, which is specific (Figure 12.8).

What is innate and adaptive immunity?

The innate immune system: Fast and general effectiveness. Protection offered by the skin and mucous membranes. Protection offered by the immune system cells (defense cells) and proteins. The adaptive immune system: Fighting the germs directly. T lymphocytes.

What is humoral immunity?

Humoral immunity is the process of adaptive immunity manifested by the production of antibodies by B lymphocytes. It develops in bone marrow. B cells may be triggered to proliferate into plasma cells. Plasma cells produce antibodies.

What is innate immunity?

Listen to pronunciation. (ih-NAYT ih-MYOO-nih-tee) Immunity that is present at birth and lasts a person’s entire life. Innate immunity is the first response of the body’s immune system to a harmful foreign substance.

What is the defense of the body?

The immune system is the body’s defense against infections. The immune (ih-MYOON) system attacks germs and helps keep us healthy.

What is body Defence?

The human body has three primary lines of defense to fight against foreign invaders, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The immune system’s three lines of defense include physical and chemical barriers, non-specific innate responses, and specific adaptive responses.

What are external defenses?

External defense systems include your skin, tears, mucus, saliva, stomach acid, cilia (small hairs) and helpful bacteria in your bowel. Your skin provides a physical block to stop bacteria and viruses from finding their way straight into your blood.

What is an innate defense?

INNATE IMMUNITY. Innate, or nonspecific, immunity is the defense system with which you were born. It protects you against all antigens. Innate immunity involves barriers that keep harmful materials from entering your body. These barriers form the first line of defense in the immune response.

What do passive and active immunity have in common?

Adaptive immunity, also known as acquired immunity, is the third line of defense. Adaptive immunity protects an organism from a specific pathogen….Active vs passive immunity.

Active Immunity Passive Immunity
Antibodies Produced inside of the body Introduced from outside of the body

What is humoral and cellular immunity?

Humoral immunity protects the body against extracellular pathogens and their toxins. Cell-mediated immunity protects the body against intracellular pathogens. Pathogen recognition. Recognises pathogens circulating in blood or lymph.