How do you check if a set is transitive?

In mathematics, a relation R on a set X is transitive if, for all elements a, b, c in X, whenever R relates a to b and b to c, then R also relates a to c. Each partial order as well as each equivalence relation needs to be transitive.

What is a transitive proof?

Transitive Property: if A = B and B = C, then A = C. Substitution Property: if A = B and p(A) is true, then p(B) is true. Here, p(A) is just any statement that has A in it, and p(B) is what you get when you replace A with B.

How do you prove subsets?


  1. Let A and B be subsets of some universal set.
  2. If A∩Bc≠∅, then A⊈B.
  3. So assume that A∩Bc≠∅.
  4. Since A∩Bc≠∅, there exists an element x that is in A∩Bc.
  5. This means that A⊈B, and hence, we have proved that if A∩Bc≠∅, then A⊈B, and therefore, we have proved that if A⊆B, then A∩Bc=∅.

What is meant by transitive sets?

A transitive set (or class) that is a model of a formal system of set theory is called a transitive model of the system (provided that the element relation of the model is the restriction of the true element relation to the universe of the model).

What makes a set transitive?

A set X is transitive means that Y∈X implies Y⊂X. In other words, a set X is transitive whenever Y∈X and Z∈Y implies Z∈X.

How do you prove a matrix is transitive?

A matrix is said to be transitive if and only if the element of the matrix a is related to b and b is related to c, then a is also related to c. That is, if (a,b) and (b,c) exist, then (a,c) also exist otherwise matrix is non-transitive.

What is the difference between transitive and substitution property?

Substitution is the replacement of one piece. Transitive Property: On the other hand, the Transitive Property is when two numbers, variables, or quantities are equal to the same thing (not necessarily each other right away as the given).

What’s an example of transitive property?

In math, if A=B and B=C, then A=C. So, if A=5 for example, then B and C must both also be 5 by the transitive property. This is true in—a foundational property of—math because numbers are constant and both sides of the equals sign must be equal, by definition.

What is substitution in a proof?

If a = b and b = c, then a = c, right? That’s transitivity. And if a = b and b c, then a c. That’s substitution.